Description: Homo sapiens collagen, type III, alpha 1 (COL3A1), mRNA. RefSeq Summary (NM_000090): This gene encodes the pro-alpha1 chains of type III collagen, a fibrillar collagen that is found in extensible connective tissues such as skin, lung, uterus, intestine and the vascular system, frequently in association with type I collagen. Mutations in this gene are associated with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome types IV, and with aortic and arterial aneurysms. Two transcripts, resulting from the use of alternate polyadenylation signals, have been identified for this gene. [provided by R. Dalgleish, Feb 2008]. ##RefSeq-Attributes-START## MANE Ensembl match :: ENST00000304636.9/ ENSP00000304408.4 RefSeq Select criteria :: based on single protein-coding transcript ##RefSeq-Attributes-END## Transcript (Including UTRs) Position: hg19 chr2:189,839,099-189,877,472 Size: 38,374 Total Exon Count: 51 Strand: + Coding Region Position: hg19 chr2:189,839,216-189,876,500 Size: 37,285 Coding Exon Count: 51
ID:CO3A1_HUMAN DESCRIPTION: RecName: Full=Collagen alpha-1(III) chain; Flags: Precursor; FUNCTION: Collagen type III occurs in most soft connective tissues along with type I collagen. SUBUNIT: Trimers of identical alpha 1(III) chains. The chains are linked to each other by interchain disulfide bonds. Trimers are also cross-linked via hydroxylysines. SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Secreted, extracellular space, extracellular matrix (By similarity). DOMAIN: The C-terminal propeptide, also known as COLFI domain, have crucial roles in tissue growth and repair by controlling both the intracellular assembly of procollagen molecules and the extracellular assembly of collagen fibrils. It binds a calcium ion which is essential for its function. PTM: Proline residues at the third position of the tripeptide repeating unit (G-X-Y) are hydroxylated in some or all of the chains. PTM: O-linked glycan consists of a Glc-Gal disaccharide bound to the oxygen atom of a post-translationally added hydroxyl group. DISEASE: Defects in COL3A1 are a cause of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type 3 (EDS3) [MIM:130020]; also known as benign hypermobility syndrome. EDS is a connective tissue disorder characterized by hyperextensible skin, atrophic cutaneous scars due to tissue fragility and joint hyperlaxity. EDS3 is a form of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome characterized by marked joint hyperextensibility without skeletal deformity. DISEASE: Defects in COL3A1 are the cause of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type 4 (EDS4) [MIM:130050]. EDS is a connective tissue disorder characterized by hyperextensible skin, atrophic cutaneous scars due to tissue fragility and joint hyperlaxity. EDS4 is the most severe form of the disease. It is characterized by the joint and dermal manifestations as in other forms of the syndrome, characteristic facial features (acrogeria) in most patients, and by proneness to spontaneous rupture of bowel and large arteries. The vascular complications may affect all anatomical areas. DISEASE: Defects in COL3A1 are a cause of susceptibility to aortic aneurysm abdominal (AAA) [MIM:100070]. AAA is a common multifactorial disorder characterized by permanent dilation of the abdominal aorta, usually due to degenerative changes in the aortic wall. Histologically, AAA is characterized by signs of chronic inflammation, destructive remodeling of the extracellular matrix, and depletion of vascular smooth muscle cells. SIMILARITY: Belongs to the fibrillar collagen family. SIMILARITY: Contains 1 fibrillar collagen NC1 domain. SIMILARITY: Contains 1 VWFC domain. WEB RESOURCE: Name=COL3A1; Note=Collagen type III alpha-1 chain mutations; URL="http://www.le.ac.uk/genetics/collagen/col3a1.html"; WEB RESOURCE: Name=GeneReviews; URL="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/GeneTests/lab/gene/COL3A1"; WEB RESOURCE: Name=Wikipedia; Note=Type-III collagen entry; URL="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Type-III_collagen";
Genetic Association Studies of Complex Diseases and Disorders
coronary artery disease Muckian, C. et al. 2002, Genetic variability in the extracellular matrix as a determinant of cardiovascular risk: associationof type III collagen COL3A1 polymorphisms with coronary artery disease, Blood. 2002 Aug;100(4):1220-3.
We conclude that variants in the COL3A1 gene, the product of which is a vessel-wall protein and platelet ligand, modulate the risk of coronary artery disease and could also modulate the response to antithrombotic therapy. This is the first reported association between polymorphisms of extracellular matrix components and cardiovascular risk.
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type IV Lee B et al. 1991, Characterization of a large deletion associated with a polymorphic block of repeated dinucleotides in the type III procollagen gene (COL3A1) of a patient with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type IV., American journal of human genetics. 1991 Mar;48(3):511-7.
mild Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type IV Vissing H et al. 1991, Multiexon deletion in the procollagen III gene is associated with mild Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type IV., The Journal of biological chemistry. 1991 Mar;266(8):5244-8.
The RNAfold program from the Vienna RNA Package is used to perform the secondary structure predictions and folding calculations. The estimated folding energy is in kcal/mol. The more negative the energy, the more secondary structure the RNA is likely to have.
ModBase Predicted Comparative 3D Structure on P02461
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Orthologous Genes in Other Species
Orthologies between human, mouse, and rat are computed by taking the best BLASTP hit, and filtering out non-syntenic hits. For more distant species reciprocal-best BLASTP hits are used. Note that the absence of an ortholog in the table below may reflect incomplete annotations in the other species rather than a true absence of the orthologous gene.