Human Gene ZC3HAV1 (uc003vun.3)
  Description: Homo sapiens zinc finger CCCH-type, antiviral 1 (ZC3HAV1), transcript variant 1, mRNA.
RefSeq Summary (NM_020119): This gene encodes a CCCH-type zinc finger protein that is thought to prevent infection by retroviruses. Studies of the rat homolog indicate that the protein may primarily function to inhibit viral gene expression and induce an innate immunity to viral infection. Alternative splicing occurs at this locus and two variants, each encoding distinct isoforms, are described. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008].
Transcript (Including UTRs)
   Position: hg19 chr7:138,728,266-138,794,465 Size: 66,200 Total Exon Count: 13 Strand: -
Coding Region
   Position: hg19 chr7:138,732,340-138,794,077 Size: 61,738 Coding Exon Count: 13 

Page IndexSequence and LinksUniProtKB CommentsCTDGene AllelesRNA-Seq Expression
Microarray ExpressionRNA StructureProtein StructureOther SpeciesGO AnnotationsmRNA Descriptions
PathwaysOther NamesModel InformationMethods
Data last updated at UCSC: 2013-06-14

-  Sequence and Links to Tools and Databases
Genomic Sequence (chr7:138,728,266-138,794,465)mRNA (may differ from genome)Protein (902 aa)
Gene SorterGenome BrowserOther Species FASTAVisiGeneGene interactionsTable Schema
AlphaFoldBioGPSCGAPEnsemblEntrez GeneExonPrimer

-  Comments and Description Text from UniProtKB
DESCRIPTION: RecName: Full=Zinc finger CCCH-type antiviral protein 1; AltName: Full=ADP-ribosyltransferase diphtheria toxin-like 13; Short=ARTD13; AltName: Full=Zinc finger CCCH domain-containing protein 2; AltName: Full=Zinc finger antiviral protein; Short=ZAP;
FUNCTION: Antiviral protein which inhibits the replication of viruses by recruiting the cellular RNA degradation machineries to degrade the viral mRNAs. Binds to a ZAP-responsive element (ZRE) present in the target viral mRNA, recruits cellular poly(A)- specific ribonuclease PARN to remove the poly(A) tail, and the 3'- 5' exoribonuclease complex exosome to degrade the RNA body from the 3'-end. It also recruits the decapping complex DCP1-DCP2 through RNA helicase p72 (DDX17) to remove the cap structure of the viral mRNA to initiate its degradation from the 5'-end. Its target viruses belong to families which include retroviridae: human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), moloney and murine leukemia virus (MoMLV) and xenotropic MuLV-related virus (XMRV), filoviridae: ebola virus (EBOV) and marburg virus (MARV), togaviridae: sindbis virus (SINV) and Ross river virus (RRV). Specifically targets the multiply spliced but not unspliced or singly spliced HIV-1 mRNAs for degradation. Isoform 1 is a more potent viral inhibitor than isoform 2. Isoform 2 acts as a positive regulator of DDX58/RIG-I signaling resulting in activation of the downstream effector IRF3 leading to the expression of type I IFNs and IFN stimulated genes (ISGs).
BIOPHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES: Temperature dependence: Thermostable;
SUBUNIT: Homodimer or homooligomer. Homooligomerization is essential for its antiviral activity. Interacts with EXOSC5 (By similarity). Interacts (via N-terminal domain) with DDX17 in an RNA-independent manner (By similarity). Interacts with EXOSC3, EXOSC7, DCP2 and DCP1A. Interacts with PARN in an RNA-independent manner. Interacts with XRN1 in an RNA-dependent manner. Isoform 2 interacts (via zinc-fingers) with DDX58/RIG-I in an RNA-dependent manner. Interacts (via N-terminal domain) with DHX30 (via N- terminus) in an RNA-independent manner.
INTERACTION: O95786:DDX58; NbExp=3; IntAct=EBI-922540, EBI-995350;
SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Isoform 1: Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Note=Localizes in the cytoplasm at steady state, but shuttles between nucleus and cytoplasm in a XPO1-dependent manner (By similarity).
SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Isoform 2: Cytoplasm.
INDUCTION: By type I interferon (IFN) and viruses. Isoform 2 is up-regulated by 3'-PPP-RNA.
DOMAIN: The N-terminal domain is sufficient to bind to viral RNAs and promote their degradation. The second and fourth zinc fingers are involved in binding to specific viral RNAs.
PTM: Phosphorylation at Ser-275 is essential for sequential phosphorylation of Ser-271, Ser-267, Ser-263 and Ser-257 by GSK3- beta. Phosphorylation by GSK3-beta enhances its antiviral activity (By similarity).
SIMILARITY: Contains 4 C3H1-type zinc fingers.
SIMILARITY: Contains 1 PARP catalytic domain.
SIMILARITY: Contains 1 WWE domain.

-  Comparative Toxicogenomics Database (CTD)
  The following chemicals interact with this gene           more ... click here to view the complete list

+  Common Gene Haplotype Alleles
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-  RNA-Seq Expression Data from GTEx (53 Tissues, 570 Donors)
  Highest median expression: 12.57 RPKM in Cells - EBV-transformed lymphocytes
Total median expression: 229.01 RPKM

View in GTEx track of Genome Browser    View at GTEx portal     View GTEx Body Map

+  Microarray Expression Data
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-  mRNA Secondary Structure of 3' and 5' UTRs
RegionFold EnergyBasesEnergy/Base
Display As
5' UTR -156.70388-0.404 Picture PostScript Text
3' UTR -1111.194074-0.273 Picture PostScript Text

The RNAfold program from the Vienna RNA Package is used to perform the secondary structure predictions and folding calculations. The estimated folding energy is in kcal/mol. The more negative the energy, the more secondary structure the RNA is likely to have.

-  Protein Domain and Structure Information
  InterPro Domains: Graphical view of domain structure
IPR012317 - Poly(ADP-ribose)pol_cat_dom
IPR004170 - WWE-dom
IPR000571 - Znf_CCCH

Pfam Domains:
PF00644 - Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase catalytic domain
PF02825 - WWE domain

SCOP Domains:
56399 - ADP-ribosylation

Protein Data Bank (PDB) 3-D Structure
MuPIT help
2X5Y - X-ray MuPIT

ModBase Predicted Comparative 3D Structure on Q7Z2W4
The pictures above may be empty if there is no ModBase structure for the protein. The ModBase structure frequently covers just a fragment of the protein. You may be asked to log onto ModBase the first time you click on the pictures. It is simplest after logging in to just click on the picture again to get to the specific info on that model.

-  Orthologous Genes in Other Species
  Orthologies between human, mouse, and rat are computed by taking the best BLASTP hit, and filtering out non-syntenic hits. For more distant species reciprocal-best BLASTP hits are used. Note that the absence of an ortholog in the table below may reflect incomplete annotations in the other species rather than a true absence of the orthologous gene.
MouseRatZebrafishD. melanogasterC. elegansS. cerevisiae
No orthologGenome BrowserNo orthologNo orthologNo orthologNo ortholog
Gene DetailsGene Details    
Gene SorterGene Sorter    
 Protein Sequence    

-  Gene Ontology (GO) Annotations with Structured Vocabulary
  Molecular Function:
GO:0003723 RNA binding
GO:0005515 protein binding
GO:0045296 cadherin binding
GO:0046872 metal ion binding
GO:0003950 NAD+ ADP-ribosyltransferase activity
GO:0070403 NAD+ binding

Biological Process:
GO:0002376 immune system process
GO:0009615 response to virus
GO:0032727 positive regulation of interferon-alpha production
GO:0032728 positive regulation of interferon-beta production
GO:0043123 positive regulation of I-kappaB kinase/NF-kappaB signaling
GO:0045071 negative regulation of viral genome replication
GO:0045087 innate immune response
GO:0051607 defense response to virus
GO:0061014 positive regulation of mRNA catabolic process
GO:1900246 positive regulation of RIG-I signaling pathway
GO:0070212 protein poly-ADP-ribosylation

Cellular Component:
GO:0005634 nucleus
GO:0005737 cytoplasm
GO:0005829 cytosol

-  Descriptions from all associated GenBank mRNAs
  BX571742 - Homo sapiens mRNA; cDNA DKFZp686H1869 (from clone DKFZp686H1869).
AK098308 - Homo sapiens cDNA FLJ40989 fis, clone UTERU2015108.
JD020402 - Sequence 1426 from Patent EP1572962.
JD029382 - Sequence 10406 from Patent EP1572962.
MF281436 - Homo sapiens miTC10 miRNA, complete sequence.
MF281449 - Homo sapiens miTC10_pre miRNA, complete sequence.
LT903660 - Homo sapiens miRNA for hsa-ZC3HAV1-miR.
BC027462 - Homo sapiens zinc finger CCCH-type, antiviral 1, mRNA (cDNA clone IMAGE:4154337), partial cds.
BX647138 - Homo sapiens mRNA; cDNA DKFZp686O19171 (from clone DKFZp686O19171).
BX647974 - Homo sapiens mRNA; cDNA DKFZp686F2052 (from clone DKFZp686F2052).
JD096875 - Sequence 77899 from Patent EP1572962.
JD248477 - Sequence 229501 from Patent EP1572962.
JD155408 - Sequence 136432 from Patent EP1572962.
JD300135 - Sequence 281159 from Patent EP1572962.
JD562346 - Sequence 543370 from Patent EP1572962.
JD448940 - Sequence 429964 from Patent EP1572962.
JD450411 - Sequence 431435 from Patent EP1572962.
JD473312 - Sequence 454336 from Patent EP1572962.
JD231015 - Sequence 212039 from Patent EP1572962.
JD170475 - Sequence 151499 from Patent EP1572962.
JD183305 - Sequence 164329 from Patent EP1572962.
JD046240 - Sequence 27264 from Patent EP1572962.
JD501189 - Sequence 482213 from Patent EP1572962.
AK023350 - Homo sapiens cDNA FLJ13288 fis, clone OVARC1001167.
JD137303 - Sequence 118327 from Patent EP1572962.
JD369817 - Sequence 350841 from Patent EP1572962.
JD394131 - Sequence 375155 from Patent EP1572962.
JD562630 - Sequence 543654 from Patent EP1572962.
AK292811 - Homo sapiens cDNA FLJ76121 complete cds, highly similar to Homo sapiens zinc finger CCCH-type, antiviral 1 (ZC3HAV1), transcript variant 1, mRNA.
JD421249 - Sequence 402273 from Patent EP1572962.
JD411273 - Sequence 392297 from Patent EP1572962.
JD366851 - Sequence 347875 from Patent EP1572962.
JD290659 - Sequence 271683 from Patent EP1572962.
JD299153 - Sequence 280177 from Patent EP1572962.
JD359540 - Sequence 340564 from Patent EP1572962.
JD455834 - Sequence 436858 from Patent EP1572962.
JD083510 - Sequence 64534 from Patent EP1572962.
AF138863 - Homo sapiens clone FLB6421 mRNA sequence.
BC025308 - Homo sapiens zinc finger CCCH-type, antiviral 1, mRNA (cDNA clone MGC:39288 IMAGE:5418915), complete cds.
BC033105 - Homo sapiens zinc finger CCCH-type, antiviral 1, mRNA (cDNA clone MGC:45686 IMAGE:5418956), complete cds.
BC040956 - Homo sapiens zinc finger CCCH-type, antiviral 1, mRNA (cDNA clone MGC:48898 IMAGE:5531412), complete cds.
BC038809 - Homo sapiens zinc finger CCCH-type, antiviral 1, mRNA (cDNA clone IMAGE:5538605), with apparent retained intron.
BC002935 - Homo sapiens zinc finger CCCH-type, antiviral 1, mRNA (cDNA clone IMAGE:3954675), partial cds.
JD332626 - Sequence 313650 from Patent EP1572962.
JD068172 - Sequence 49196 from Patent EP1572962.
KJ899256 - Synthetic construct Homo sapiens clone ccsbBroadEn_08650 ZC3HAV1 gene, encodes complete protein.
AK055851 - Homo sapiens cDNA FLJ31289 fis, clone KIDNE2007328.
JD458709 - Sequence 439733 from Patent EP1572962.
JD226599 - Sequence 207623 from Patent EP1572962.
JD124943 - Sequence 105967 from Patent EP1572962.
JD448382 - Sequence 429406 from Patent EP1572962.
JD066590 - Sequence 47614 from Patent EP1572962.
JD142399 - Sequence 123423 from Patent EP1572962.
JD259965 - Sequence 240989 from Patent EP1572962.
JD119065 - Sequence 100089 from Patent EP1572962.
JD388692 - Sequence 369716 from Patent EP1572962.
JD433055 - Sequence 414079 from Patent EP1572962.
MN030155 - Homo sapiens zinc finger CCCH-type antiviral protein 1 isoform 4 (ZC3HAV1) mRNA, complete cds.

-  Biochemical and Signaling Pathways
  Reactome (by CSHL, EBI, and GO)

Protein Q7Z2W4 (Reactome details) participates in the following event(s):

R-HSA-6802927 BRAF and RAF fusion mutant dimers are phosphorylated
R-HSA-6802934 p-BRAF and RAF fusion dimers bind MAP2Ks and MAPKs
R-HSA-6802932 Dissociation of BRAF/RAF fusion complex
R-HSA-6802933 p-BRAF and RAF fusion dimers phosphorylate MAP2Ks
R-HSA-6802935 MAPKs are phosphorylated downstream of BRAF and RAF fusion dimers
R-HSA-6802952 Signaling by BRAF and RAF fusions
R-HSA-6802957 Oncogenic MAPK signaling
R-HSA-5663202 Diseases of signal transduction
R-HSA-1643685 Disease

-  Other Names for This Gene
  Alternate Gene Symbols: A4D1R2, A4D1S4, NM_020119, NP_064504, PRO1677, Q7Z2W4, Q8IW57, Q8TAJ3, Q96N79, Q9H8R9, Q9P0Y7, ZC3HDC2, ZCCHV_HUMAN
UCSC ID: uc003vun.3
RefSeq Accession: NM_020119
Protein: Q7Z2W4 (aka ZCCHV_HUMAN)
CCDS: CCDS5851.1

-  Gene Model Information
category: coding nonsense-mediated-decay: no RNA accession: NM_020119.3
exon count: 13CDS single in 3' UTR: no RNA size: 7190
ORF size: 2709CDS single in intron: no Alignment % ID: 100.00
txCdsPredict score: 5395.00frame shift in genome: no % Coverage: 99.74
has start codon: yes stop codon in genome: no # of Alignments: 1
has end codon: yes retained intron: no # AT/AC introns 0
selenocysteine: no end bleed into intron: 0# strange splices: 0
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-  Methods, Credits, and Use Restrictions
  Click here for details on how this gene model was made and data restrictions if any.