Human Gene PRDM2 (ENST00000311066.9) from GENCODE V38
Description: Homo sapiens PR/SET domain 2 (PRDM2), transcript variant 2, mRNA. (from RefSeq NM_015866) RefSeq Summary (NM_015866): This tumor suppressor gene is a member of a nuclear histone/protein methyltransferase superfamily. It encodes a zinc finger protein that can bind to retinoblastoma protein, estrogen receptor, and the TPA-responsive element (MTE) of the heme-oxygenase-1 gene. Although the functions of this protein have not been fully characterized, it may (1) play a role in transcriptional regulation during neuronal differentiation and pathogenesis of retinoblastoma, (2) act as a transcriptional activator of the heme-oxygenase-1 gene, and (3) be a specific effector of estrogen action. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2008]. Gencode Transcript: ENST00000311066.9 Gencode Gene: ENSG00000116731.22 Transcript (Including UTRs) Position: hg38 chr1:13,704,855-13,788,059 Size: 83,205 Total Exon Count: 9 Strand: + Coding Region Position: hg38 chr1:13,715,606-13,786,527 Size: 70,922 Coding Exon Count: 8
ID:PRDM2_HUMAN DESCRIPTION: RecName: Full=PR domain zinc finger protein 2; EC=188.8.131.52; AltName: Full=GATA-3-binding protein G3B; AltName: Full=Lysine N-methyltransferase 8; AltName: Full=MTB-ZF; AltName: Full=MTE-binding protein; AltName: Full=PR domain-containing protein 2; AltName: Full=Retinoblastoma protein-interacting zinc finger protein; AltName: Full=Zinc finger protein RIZ; FUNCTION: S-adenosyl-L-methionine-dependent histone methyltransferase that specifically methylates 'Lys-9' of histone H3. May function as a DNA-binding transcription factor. Binds to the macrophage-specific TPA-responsive element (MTE) of the HMOX1 (heme oxygenase 1) gene and may act as a transcriptional activator of this gene. CATALYTIC ACTIVITY: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + L-lysine-[histone] = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + N(6)-methyl-L-lysine-[histone]. SUBUNIT: Binds to the retinoblastoma protein (RB). Interacts with GATA3. SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Nucleus. TISSUE SPECIFICITY: Highly expressed in retinoblastoma cell lines and in brain tumors. Also expressed in a number of other cell lines and in brain, heart, skeletal muscle, liver and spleen. Isoform 1 is expressed in testis at much higher level than isoform 3. SIMILARITY: Contains 8 C2H2-type zinc fingers. SIMILARITY: Contains 1 SET domain. SEQUENCE CAUTION: Sequence=BAA08110.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; WEB RESOURCE: Name=Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology; URL="http://atlasgeneticsoncology.org/Genes/PRDM2ID41834ch1p36.html";
The RNAfold program from the Vienna RNA Package is used to perform the secondary structure predictions and folding calculations. The estimated folding energy is in kcal/mol. The more negative the energy, the more secondary structure the RNA is likely to have.
ModBase Predicted Comparative 3D Structure on Q13029
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Orthologous Genes in Other Species
Orthologies between human, mouse, and rat are computed by taking the best BLASTP hit, and filtering out non-syntenic hits. For more distant species reciprocal-best BLASTP hits are used. Note that the absence of an ortholog in the table below may reflect incomplete annotations in the other species rather than a true absence of the orthologous gene.