ID:LTOR1_HUMAN DESCRIPTION: RecName: Full=Ragulator complex protein LAMTOR1; AltName: Full=Late endosomal/lysosomal adaptor and MAPK and MTOR activator 1; AltName: Full=Lipid raft adaptor protein p18; AltName: Full=Protein associated with DRMs and endosomes; AltName: Full=p27Kip1-releasing factor from RhoA; Short=p27RF-Rho; FUNCTION: As part of the Ragulator complex it is involved in amino acid sensing and activation of mTORC1, a signaling complex promoting cell growth in response to growth factors, energy levels, and amino acids. Activated by amino acids through a mechanism involving the lysosomal V-ATPase, the Ragulator functions as a guanine nucleotide exchange factor activating the small GTPases Rag. Activated Ragulator and Rag GTPases function as a scaffold recruiting mTORC1 to lysosomes where it is in turn activated. LAMTOR1 is directly responsible for anchoring the Ragulator complex to membranes. Also required for late endosomes/lysosomes biogenesis it may regulate both the recycling of receptors through endosomes and the MAPK signaling pathway through recruitment of some of its components to late endosomes. May be involved in cholesterol homeostasis regulating LDL uptake and cholesterol release from late endosomes/lysosomes. May also play a role in RHOA activation. SUBUNIT: Part of the Ragulator complex composed of LAMTOR1, LAMTOR2, LAMTOR3, LAMTOR4 and LAMTOR5. LAMTOR4 and LAMTOR5 form an heterodimer that interacts, through LAMTOR1, with a LAMTOR2, LAMTOR3 heterodimer. The Ragulator complex interacts with both the mTORC1 complex and heterodimers constituted of the Rag GTPases RRAGA, RRAGB, RRAGC and RRAGD; regulated by amino acid availability. Interacts with LAMTOR2 and LAMTOR3; the interaction is direct. Interacts with RRAGB and RRAGD; the interaction is direct indicating that it probably constitutes the main RAG- interacting subunit of the Ragulator complex. Interacts with MMP14. Interacts with CDKN1B; prevents the interaction of CDKN1B with RHOA leaving RHOA in a form accessible to activation by ARHGEF2. SUBCELLULAR LOCATION: Late endosome membrane; Lipid-anchor; Cytoplasmic side. Lysosome membrane; Lipid-anchor; Cytoplasmic side. Cell membrane. INDUCTION: Down-regulated by cholesterol (at protein level). SIMILARITY: Belongs to the LAMTOR1 family.
The RNAfold program from the Vienna RNA Package is used to perform the secondary structure predictions and folding calculations. The estimated folding energy is in kcal/mol. The more negative the energy, the more secondary structure the RNA is likely to have.
Pfam Domains: PF15454 - Late endosomal/lysosomal adaptor and MAPK and MTOR activator
ModBase Predicted Comparative 3D Structure on Q6IAA8
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Orthologous Genes in Other Species
Orthologies between human, mouse, and rat are computed by taking the best BLASTP hit, and filtering out non-syntenic hits. For more distant species reciprocal-best BLASTP hits are used. Note that the absence of an ortholog in the table below may reflect incomplete annotations in the other species rather than a true absence of the orthologous gene.