This track shows ~38,200,000 single nucleotide variants (SNVs),
~3,900,000 short insertion/deletion variants (indels),
and ~14,000 large deletions (also called structural variants, or SVs)
discovered by the
1000 Genomes Project
Phase 1 sequencing of 1,092 genomes from 14 populations in Africa, Europe,
East Asia and the Americas.
The variant genotypes have been phased by the 1000 Genomes Project
(i.e., the two alleles of each diploid genotype have been assigned to two
one inherited from each parent).
This extra information enables a clustering of independent haplotypes
by local similarity for display.
In "dense" mode, a vertical line is drawn at the position of each
In "pack" mode, since these variants have been phased, the
display shows a clustering of haplotypes in the viewed range, sorted
by similarity of alleles weighted by proximity to a central variant.
The clustering view can highlight local patterns of linkage.
In the clustering display, each sample's phased diploid genotype is split
into two independent haplotypes.
Each haplotype is placed in a horizontal row of pixels; when the number of
haplotypes exceeds the number of vertical pixels for the track, multiple
haplotypes fall in the same pixel row and pixels are averaged across haplotypes.
Each variant is a vertical bar with white (invisible) representing the reference allele
and black representing the non-reference allele(s).
Tick marks are drawn at the top and bottom of each variant's vertical bar
to make the bar more visible when most alleles are reference alleles.
The vertical bar for the central variant used in clustering is outlined in purple.
In order to avoid long compute times, the range of alleles used in clustering
may be limited; alleles used in clustering have purple tick marks at the
top and bottom.
The clustering tree is displayed to the left of the main image.
It does not represent relatedness of individuals; it simply shows the arrangement
of local haplotypes by similarity. When a rightmost branch is purple, it means
that all haplotypes in that branch are identical, at least within the range of
variants used in clustering.
Single-nucleotide variants, short insertions/deletions, and larger deletions were called
from alignments of 1,092 individuals' low-coverage genomes and high-coverage exomes.
For each type of variant, the results of multiple variant-calling methods
were merged and filtered in order to provide high-confidence variant calls.
For more details, see:
Thanks to the
1000 Genomes Project
for making these data available in advance of publication.
1000 Genomes Pilot Project:
1000 Genomes Project Consortium.
A map of human genome variation from population-scale sequencing.
Nature. 2010 Oct 28;467(7319):1061-73.
Phase 1 of the 1000 Genomes Project:
1000 Genomes Project Consortium, Abecasis GR, Auton A, Brooks LD, DePristo MA, Durbin RM, Handsaker
RE, Kang HM, Marth GT, McVean GA.
An integrated map of genetic variation from 1,092 human genomes.
Nature. 2012 Nov 1;491(7422):56-65.
1000 Genomes Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)