Non-Human RefSeq Gene
 

Non-Human RefSeq Gene GSTM2

RefSeq: NM_000848.4   Status: Reviewed
Description: Homo sapiens glutathione S-transferase mu 2 (GSTM2), transcript variant 1, mRNA.
Organism: Homo sapiens
UCSC browser: NM_000848 on Human (hg38)
CDS: full length
OMIM: 138380
Entrez Gene: 2946
PubMed on Gene: GSTM2
PubMed on Product: glutathione S-transferase Mu 2 isoform 1
GeneCards: GSTM2
AceView: GSTM2


Summary of GSTM2

Cytosolic and membrane-bound forms of glutathione S-transferase are encoded by two distinct supergene families. At present, eight distinct classes of the soluble cytoplasmic mammalian glutathione S-transferases have been identified: alpha, kappa, mu, omega, pi, sigma, theta and zeta. This gene encodes a glutathione S-transferase that belongs to the mu class. The mu class of enzymes functions in the detoxification of electrophilic compounds, including carcinogens, therapeutic drugs, environmental toxins and products of oxidative stress, by conjugation with glutathione. The genes encoding the mu class of enzymes are organized in a gene cluster on chromosome 1p13.3 and are known to be highly polymorphic. These genetic variations can change an individual's susceptibility to carcinogens and toxins as well as affect the toxicity and efficacy of certain drugs. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008].


mRNA/Genomic Alignments


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Data last updated: 2019-10-03


p12 Note: Includes annotations on GRCh38.p12 patch sequences

Description

This track shows known protein-coding and non-protein-coding genes for organisms other than human, taken from the NCBI RNA reference sequences collection (RefSeq). The data underlying this track are updated weekly.

Display Conventions and Configuration

This track follows the display conventions for gene prediction tracks. The color shading indicates the level of review the RefSeq record has undergone: predicted (light), provisional (medium), reviewed (dark).

The item labels and display colors of features within this track can be configured through the controls at the top of the track description page.

  • Label: By default, items are labeled by gene name. Click the appropriate Label option to display the accession name instead of the gene name, show both the gene and accession names, or turn off the label completely.
  • Codon coloring: This track contains an optional codon coloring feature that allows users to quickly validate and compare gene predictions. To display codon colors, select the genomic codons option from the Color track by codons pull-down menu. For more information about this feature, go to the Coloring Gene Predictions and Annotations by Codon page.
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Methods

The RNAs were aligned against the human genome using blat; those with an alignment of less than 15% were discarded. When a single RNA aligned in multiple places, the alignment having the highest base identity was identified. Only alignments having a base identity level within 0.5% of the best and at least 25% base identity with the genomic sequence were kept.

Credits

This track was produced at UCSC from RNA sequence data generated by scientists worldwide and curated by the NCBI RefSeq project.

References

Kent WJ. BLAT--the BLAST-like alignment tool. Genome Res. 2002 Apr;12(4):656-64. PMID: 11932250; PMC: PMC187518

Pruitt KD, Brown GR, Hiatt SM, Thibaud-Nissen F, Astashyn A, Ermolaeva O, Farrell CM, Hart J, Landrum MJ, McGarvey KM et al. RefSeq: an update on mammalian reference sequences. Nucleic Acids Res. 2014 Jan;42(Database issue):D756-63. PMID: 24259432; PMC: PMC3965018

Pruitt KD, Tatusova T, Maglott DR. NCBI Reference Sequence (RefSeq): a curated non-redundant sequence database of genomes, transcripts and proteins. Nucleic Acids Res. 2005 Jan 1;33(Database issue):D501-4. PMID: 15608248; PMC: PMC539979